Menyanthes trifoliata

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image Both links below: Swedish Museum of Natural History

Distribution in Scandinavia.
Distribution in northern hemisphere.

Menyanthes:
A name of an aquatic plant used 300 B.C.by Theophrastus. Comes from the Greek words menyein, meaning "disclosing", and anthos, meaning "flower".

Trifoliata:
Three leaves.

Menyanthes trifoliata is the only species of the Menyanthes family.
The leaves and the root have a bitter taste and have been used against a variety of diseases. Used to be sold in drug stores as Trifolium aquaticum against scurvy, gout, shivering fit and worms. Locally also used instead of hop when brewing beer and instead of flour when baking bread. The moose are said to like it too.

Flowers: May - July

References:
Swedish Museum of Natural History: Menyanthes trifoliata (only in Swedish)
Wikipedia: Menyanthes, Theophrastus
Den Nya Nordiska Floran (Mossber, Stenberg p.474)
Kuriosa om Fjällväxter (Lidh, p.95)

These photos were taken in:

Kvikkjokk - Njunjes (Tarra valley, Swedish Lapland)
Tarrekaise - Såmmarlappa (Tarra valley, Swedish Lapland)
Såmmarlappa - Tarraluoppal (Tarra valley, Swedish Lapland)

Follow the link to see more flowers from the same area, and photos showing the nature and hiking trail.

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